The Paithani weaving technique, popular for its unique art and tradition, has a legacy that spans centuries. At its core, Paithani uses the ancient technique of tapestry, where multiple threads of different colours along with gold and silver threads are woven together to form a fascinating piece of silk. The textiles are made from natural silk or cotton.
Traditional motifs that have been popular since its birth over 2000 years ago are derived from nature, which forms an essential part of human life. The motifs play a special role in the look of a Paithani weave. The Bangle-Peacock motif (Bangadi-Mor) in which the bangle, as a sign of Saubhagya (good fortune), represents completeness of the being of woman. The Muniya or Tota-Maina motif symbolizes the parrot, which stands for love and passion. The Lotus or Kamal Pushpa is the sign of rebirth.
Natural dyes from vegetables, minerals, plants and rocks are used in a combination to form the colors. Sham Sundar Morkar, a master Paithani weaver, uses the method of interlocking, which is used when more than one base colour is used. Depending on the design, details and size, it takes an artisan anything between a month to two years to weave a Paithani sari.